A team of plant scientists and materials chemists have successfully used nanotechnology to penetrate plant cell walls and simultaneously deliver a gene and a chemical that triggers its expression with controlled precision.
The European Commission is now on the road to creating the first ever Europe-wide public-private partnerships to boost research and development, having adopted proposals for initiatives in two strategic industrial sectors.
The number of consumer products using nanotechnology has more than doubled, from 212 to 475, in the 14 months since the Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies launched the world's first online inventory of manufacturer-identified nanotech goods in March 2006.
Italian researchers show that acrylic polymers usually employed in works of art (or architecture) conservation and highly insoluble inorganic deposits containing organic materials can be solubilized in an oil-in-water microemulsions from nonionic surfactants and that a complete cleaning of an acrylic-contaminated painting can be successfully achieved.
With a nod to one of nature's best surface chemists - an obscure desert beetle - polymer scientists have devised a convenient way to construct test surfaces with a variable affinity for water, so that the same surface can range from superhydrophilic to superhydrophobic, and everything in between.