Research that could lead to brighter LCD screens, more efficient solar panels, improved biomedical imaging and high-tech security sensors has won the University of Melbourne's Chancellor's Prize for Excellence in PhD.
Rods, cones, cubes and spheres - move aside. Tiny gold stars, smaller than a billionth of a meter, may hold the promise for new approaches to medical diagnoses or testing for environmental contaminants.
The AIP Physics Industry Day is an opportunity to bust nanotechnology myths. And it?s not just from the perspective of scientists and researchers, but also policy makers, industries currently using nanotechnology in their products and those involved in determining Australia?s future regulatory framework.
As photonics - using beams of light in place of electricity for communications and computing - becomes more common, engineers need new tools for troubleshooting. Now researchers at Cornell have created a way to plot the waveform of an ultrashort-lived optical signal with a resolution of less than a trillionth of a second.
The latest quick freezing techniques coupled with sophisticated scanning electron microscopy techniques, are allowing physicists to create ice films in cold conditions similar to outer space and observe the detailed molecular organisation, yielding clues to fundamental questions including possibly the origin of life.
A new configurable chip which can correct faults in newly- manufactured transistors and can be implemented in mainstream devices such as mobile phones and computers, has been developed by engineers at the University of Southampton.
Scientists in Canada are reporting progress toward a new type of 'liquid mirror' - mirrors made with highly reflective liquids - whose shape can be changed to provide superior optical properties over conventional solid mirrors.
Dutch-sponsored researcher Robin Gremaud has shown that an alloy of the metals magnesium, titanium and nickel is excellent at absorbing hydrogen. This light alloy brings us a step closer to the everyday use of hydrogen as a source of fuel for powering vehicles.
The Instituto Madrileno de Estudios Avanzados en Nanociencia (IMDEA Nanoscience) collaborates together with the University of Hamburg in the development of composite materials based on semiconductor nanoparticles and carbon nanotubes as functional materials for efficient light emitting diodes and photovoltaic devices.
Thomas H. Epps III, University of Delaware assistant professor of chemical engineering, and Erik Thostenson, assistant professor of mechanical engineering, are among just 39 scientists and engineers throughout the country selected to receive three-year research grants from the U.S. Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) Young Investigator Research Program.