In a collaborative work between the LCN, University of York and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, scientists have discovered that the binary metal-oxide materials m-HfO2 and m-ZrO2 exhibit unexpected two-dimensional (2D) polaron behaviour. This discovery broadens the field of quasi-2D systems which often exhibit novel electronic properties.
IBM has announced that two industry leaders -- Asahi Kasei and Central Glass -- will join its Battery 500 Project team and collaborate on far-reaching research with the potential to accelerate the switch from gasoline to electricity as the primary power source for vehicles.
The initiative of mid-sized enterprises "Initiative Mittelstand" recently has granted the Innovation Prize IT 2012 at the CeBIT exposition. The platform "Swiss Nano-Cube" was awarded a "Best of 2012" certificate in the category "e-learning".
Using lasers to excite just one atom from a cloud of ultra-cold rubidium gas, physicists have developed a new way to rapidly and efficiently create single photons for potential use in optical quantum information processing - and in the study of dynamics and disorder in certain physical systems.
The boundary between electronics and biology is blurring with the first detection by researchers at Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory of ferroelectric properties in an amino acid called glycine.
Across billions of years of evolution, Nature has retained a common light-absorbing hexameric cofactor core for carrying out the very first chemical reaction of photosynthesis, the light-induced electron transfer across approximately 3 nm. This process has direct analogies to light-driven charge separation in photovoltaic devices.
Researchers from the NIST Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology and Massachusetts Institute of Technology have used the scanning electron microscopy with polarization analysis (SEMPA) technique to provide the first direct images of the magnetic structure of highly twisted domain walls in patterned thin film magnetic nanowires.