In industrialized countries water utilities are ageing and need to be renewed. In partnership with the water sector, the aquatic research institute Eawag is identifying ways of ensuring that high-quality drinking water supplies remain available in the future.
A bizarre but well-established aspect of quantum physics could open up a new era of electronic detectors and imaging systems that would be far more efficient than any now in existence, according to new insights by an MIT leader in the field.
Researchers in Japan have successfully synthesized tungsten oxide nanotubes by a simple hydrothermal method. These nanotubes are composed of aggregates of crystallites and have a nanoporous structure with fine, nanometer-scale pores on their walls. This structure provides the nanotubes with a large specific surface area, enabling high photocatalytic activity.
The ninth edition of the Trends in Nanotechnology Conference (September 1-5, 2008) held in Oviedo, Spain, presented a broad range of current research in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology as well as related policies (European Commission, etc.) or other kind of initiatives (iNANO, CIC nanoGUNE, GDR-E, etc.).
Scientists in Spain have managed, by means of a numerical technique known as Transmission Line Matrix (TLM) Modelling method, to hide an object or make it invisible in a certain frequency, inside an electromagnetic simulator.
Researchers in Japan have revealed important information about why the threshold of gas pressure required for the structural transformation of flexible, three-dimensional molecular networks known as porous coordination polymers (PCPs) varies for different gases.
In a quest to push the limits of intensity to achieve extreme light-matter interactions in large molecules, a team of researchers from RIKEN?s Advanced Science Institute in Wako, the SPring-8 Center in Harima, and the University of Tokyo, has demonstrated the ionisation and consequently the dissociation of nitrogen molecules using a free-electron laser.
An unusual molecule once thought to be too strained to exist has been transformed into another contorted compound by RIKEN chemists, testing the limits of how far carbon-based molecules can be distorted by combining them with metal atoms.
Scientists have developed nanometer-sized 'cargo ships' that can sail throughout the body via the bloodstream without immediate detection from the body's immune radar system and ferry their cargo of anti-cancer drugs and markers into tumors that might otherwise go untreated or undetected.
A team from Stevens Institute of Technology has been awarded a grant from the National Science Foundation for the project 'MRI: Acquisition of an Inductively Coupled Plasma Etching System for Nano/Micro Device Fabrication.'