A validated multi-physics numerical model that accounts for charge and species conservation, fluid flow, and electrochemical processes has been used to analyze the performance of solar-driven photoelectrochemical water-splitting systems. The modeling has provided an in-depth analysis of conceptual designs, proof-of-concepts, feasibility investigations, and quantification of performance.
To meet 21st-century food, water and energy challenges, the world needs more women and men with interdisciplinary training and access to world problems on the ground. As a result, Cornell and five other universities have partnered with The Nature Conservancy to establish the NatureNet Science Fellows Program, which is intended to help develop a new breed of interdisciplinary scientists with academic savvy, and skills and opportunity to solve real-world problems.
Black carbon is the second largest man-made contributor to global warming and its influence on climate has been greatly underestimated, according to the first quantitative and comprehensive analysis of this pollutant's climate impact..
In addition to causing smoggy skies and chronic coughs, soot - or black carbon - turns out to be the number two contributor to global warming. It's second only to carbon dioxide, according to a four-year assessment by an international panel.
Monthly temperature extremes have become much more frequent, as measurements from around the world indicate. On average, there are now five times as many record-breaking hot months worldwide than could be expected without long-term global warming.
The salinisation of rivers is a global problem that affects to countries all over the world and it causes a high environmental and economic cost, and poses a high risk to global health. Climate change and the increasing water consumption can worsen even more the future scene.
A European consortium is organising a multi-sectoral partnership of stakeholders involved in defining research agendas for energy-efficient buildings. The goal is a long-term strategic research roadmap.